Ke Kaʻina Hana o CNC

ʻO ka huaʻōlelo CNC he "mana helu kamepiula," a ua wehewehe ʻia ka mīkini CNC ma ke ʻano he kaʻina hana subtractive e hoʻohana maʻamau i ka mana kamepiula a me nā mea hana mīkini e wehe i nā papa o nā mea mai kahi ʻāpana waiwai (i kapa ʻia he blank a i ʻole workpiece) a hana i kahi hana maʻamau- ʻāpana i hoʻolālā ʻia.

Kiʻi o CNC 1
Ke hana nei ke kaʻina hana ma nā ʻano mea like ʻole, e like me ka metala, ka plastic, ka lāʻau, ke aniani, ka foam a me nā composites, a loaʻa nā noi i nā ʻoihana like ʻole, e like me ka mīkini CNC nui a me ka hoʻopau ʻana o CNC i nā ʻāpana aerospace.

Nā hiʻohiʻona o ka mīkini CNC

01. Kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o ka automation a me ka hana kiʻekiʻe loa.Ma waho aʻe o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana, hiki ke hoʻopau ʻia nā kaʻina hana ʻē aʻe e nā mīkini mīkini CNC.Inā hui pū ʻia me ka hoʻouka ʻana a me ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana, he ʻāpana kumu ia o kahi hale hana unmanned.

Hoʻemi ka hana CNC i ka hana a ka mea hoʻohana, hoʻomaikaʻi i nā kūlana hana, hoʻopau i ka mākaʻikaʻi ʻana, ka hoʻopili ʻana a me ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana, ka nānā ʻana a me nā hana ʻē aʻe a me nā hana kōkua, a hoʻomaikaʻi maikaʻi i ka hana pono.

02. Hiki ke hoʻololi i nā mea hana CNC.Ke hoʻololi nei i ka mea hana, ma kahi o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka hāmeʻa a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ke ʻano clamping blank, pono reprogramming wale nō me ka ʻole o nā hoʻoponopono paʻakikī ʻē aʻe, e hoʻopōkole i ka pōʻai hoʻomākaukau hana.

03. Kiʻekiʻe ka hana pololei a me ka maikaʻi paʻa.ʻO ka pololei o ka hana ʻana ma waena o d0.005-0.01mm, ʻaʻole i hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka paʻakikī o nā ʻāpana, no ka mea, ʻo ka hapa nui o nā hana i hoʻopau ʻia e ka mīkini.No laila, hoʻonui ʻia ka nui o nā ʻāpana ʻāpana, a hoʻohana pū ʻia nā mea ʻike kūlana ma nā mea mīkini paʻa pololei., e hoʻomaikaʻi hou i ka pololei o ka mīkini CNC machining.

04. ʻElua mau hiʻohiʻona nui o ka hana CNC: ʻo ka mua, hiki iā ia ke hoʻomaikaʻi maikaʻi i ka pololei o ka hoʻoili ʻana, me ka pololei o ka hana ʻana a me ka pololei o ka manawa hana;ʻO ka lua, hiki i ka hoʻihoʻi hou ʻana o ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana ke hoʻopaʻa i ka maikaʻi o ka hana ʻana a mālama i ka maikaʻi o nā ʻāpana i hana ʻia.

ʻenehana mīkini CNC a me ka laulā noi:

Hiki ke koho ʻia nā ʻano hana hana like ʻole e like me nā mea a me nā koi o ka mea hana machining.ʻO ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā ʻano hana machining maʻamau a me kā lākou ʻano o ka noi hiki ke ʻae iā mākou e ʻimi i ke ʻano hana ʻāpana kūpono loa.

Huli

ʻO ke ʻano o ka hana ʻana i nā ʻāpana me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka lathe i kapa ʻia ʻo ka huli ʻana.Me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea hana hoʻohuli, hiki ke hana ʻia nā ʻaoʻao curved i ka wā hānai transverse.Hiki i ka huli ʻana ke hana i nā ʻili o ke kaula, nā mokulele hoʻopau, nā shaft eccentric, etc.

ʻO ka pololei o ka huli ʻana he IT11-IT6, a he 12.5-0.8μm ka ʻili o ka ʻili.I ka wā hoʻololi maikaʻi, hiki iā ia ke hōʻea i IT6-IT5, a hiki i ka roughness ke hiki i 0.4-0.1μm.He kiʻekiʻe ka huahana o ka hoʻololi ʻana, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka ʻoki ʻana, a maʻalahi nā mea hana.

Ka laulā o ka noi: wili lua lua, wili, reaming, paʻi, cylindrical huli ʻana, ʻoluʻolu, huli ʻana i nā maka hope, huli ʻana i nā ʻāpana, huli i nā ʻaoʻao i hana ʻia, hoʻohuli i nā ʻāpana liʻiliʻi, knurling, a me ka huli ʻana i ke kaula.

Milling

ʻO ka wili ʻana he ʻano hana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi hāmeʻa wili liʻiliʻi (milling cutter) ma ka mīkini wili e hana i ka mea hana.ʻO ka neʻe ʻoki nui ʻo ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka mea hana.E like me ka holo nui o ka neʻe ʻana i ka wā o ka wili ʻana he like a kūʻē paha i ka kuhikuhi hānai o ka mea hana, ua māhele ʻia i lalo o ka wili a me ka wili piʻi.

(1) Ka wili ana ilalo

ʻO ka ʻāpana pae o ka ikaika wili e like me ke kuhikuhi hānai o ka mea hana.Loaʻa ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o ka wili hānai o ka pākaukau mea hana a me ka nati paʻa.No laila, hiki i ka ʻoki ʻoki ke hana maʻalahi i ka mea hana a me ka papa hana e neʻe pū i mua, e hoʻonui koke i ka helu hānai.Hoʻonui, hoʻoulu i nā pahi.

(2) Ka wili counter

Hiki iā ia ke pale i ka neʻe ʻana i ka wā o ka wili ʻana.I ka wā o ka wili ʻana, piʻi mālie ka mānoanoa o ka ʻokiʻoki mai ka ʻole, no laila hoʻomaka ka ʻoki ʻoki e ʻike i kahi pae o ka ʻoki ʻana a me ka paheʻe ʻana ma luna o ka ʻili mīkini paʻakikī, e hoʻolōʻihi i ka ʻaʻahu.

Ka laulā o ka noi: wili mokulele, wili wāwae, milling groove, milling surface, milling spiral groove, milling gear, cutting

Hoʻolālā

ʻO ka hoʻolālā hoʻolālā e pili ana i kahi ʻano hana e hoʻohana ana i kahi planer e hana i ka neʻe laina laina e pili ana i ka mea hana ma kahi planer e wehe i nā mea keu.

Hiki i ka pololei o ka hoʻolālā ke hōʻea i IT8-IT7, ʻo Ra6.3-1.6μm ka ʻili o ka ʻili, hiki i ka pālahalaha hoʻolālā ke piʻi i 0.02/1000, a ʻo ka roughness o ka ʻili he 0.8-0.4μm, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi no ka hana ʻana i nā castings nui.

Ka laulā o ka noi: ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā papa pālahalaha, ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā ʻaoʻao kū pololei, ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā ʻanuʻu ʻanuʻu, ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā ʻāpana ʻākau ʻākau, nā bevels hoʻolālā, ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā ʻauwai dovetail, ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā ʻano D-like grooves, ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā ʻāpana V-like, ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā ʻaoʻao curved, hoʻolālā i nā ala kī i loko o nā lua, planing racks, planing composite surface

wili

ʻO ka wili ʻana ke ʻano o ka ʻoki ʻana i ka ʻili o ka mea hana ma luna o ka mea wili me ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi huila wili artificial kiʻekiʻe (wiliwili wili) ma ke ʻano he mea hana.ʻO ka neʻe nui ʻana ʻo ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka huila wili.

Hiki i ka pololei wili ke hiki i IT6-IT4, a hiki i ka roughness ʻili Ra hiki ke hiki i 1.25-0.01μm, a i ʻole 0.1-0.008μm.ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona o ka wili ʻana ʻo ia ka hiki ke hana i nā mea metala paʻakikī, aia i ke ʻano o ka hoʻopau ʻana, no laila hoʻohana pinepine ʻia e like me ke kaʻina hana hope.E like me nā hana like ʻole, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka wili i loko o ka cylindrical grinding, internal hole grinding, flat grinding, etc.

Ka laulā o ka noi: ka wili cylindrical, ka wili cylindrical i loko, ka wili ʻana i ka ʻili, ka wili ʻana, ka wili milo, ka wili ʻana.

ʻO ka wili ʻana

ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ka hana ʻana i nā lua i loko o kahi mīkini wili i kapa ʻia ʻo drilling a ʻo ia ke ʻano maʻamau o ka hana ʻana i nā lua.

He haʻahaʻa ka pololei o ka wili ʻana, maʻamau IT12 ~ IT11, a ʻo ka roughness o ka ʻili he Ra5.0 ~ 6.3um.Ma hope o ka wili ʻana, hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ka hoʻonui a me ka reaming no ka semi-finishing a me ka hoʻopau ʻana.ʻO ka pololei o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka reaming ʻo IT9-IT6, a ʻo Ra1.6-0.4μm ka ʻili o ka ʻili.

Ka nui o ka noi: wili, reaming, reaming, paʻi, strontium hole, ʻili ʻili

ʻO ka hana ʻoluʻolu

ʻO ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana he ʻano hana e hoʻohana ai i ka mīkini ʻeha e hoʻonui i ke anawaena o nā lua e kū nei a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka maikaʻi.Hoʻokumu nui ʻia ka hana ʻana i ka hoʻoluliluli ʻana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka mea hana ʻoluʻolu.

He kiʻekiʻe ka pololei o ka hana hōʻoluʻolu, maʻamau ʻo IT9-IT7, a ʻo Ra6.3-0.8mm ka ʻili o ka ʻili, akā haʻahaʻa ka hana pono o ka hana ʻana.

Ka laulā o ka noi: ka hoʻoponopono puka kiʻekiʻe, ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā lua he nui

ʻO ka hana ʻili niho

Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā ʻano hana kaʻina hana niho niho i ʻelua mau ʻāpana: ke ʻano hana a me ke ʻano hana.

ʻO ka mīkini mīkini i hoʻohana ʻia no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka ʻili niho ma ke ʻano hana he mīkini wili maʻamau, a ʻo ka mea hana he mea ʻoki milling, e koi ana i ʻelua mau neʻe maʻalahi: ka neʻe ʻana a me ka neʻe laina o ka mea hana.ʻO nā mīkini hana maʻamau no ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā ʻili niho ma ke ʻano hana he mīkini hobbing gear, mīkini hoʻoheheʻe ʻana, etc.

Ka laulā o ka hoʻohana ʻana: gears, etc.

ʻO ka hana ʻili paʻakikī

ʻO ka ʻoki ʻana o nā ʻāpana curved ʻekolu-dimensional e hoʻohana nui i ka milling kope a me nā ʻano hana wili CNC a i ʻole nā ​​​​ʻano hana hana kūikawā.

Ka laulā o ka hoʻohana ʻana: nā ʻāpana me nā ʻili curved paʻakikī

EDM

Hoʻohana ka mīkini hoʻokuʻu uila i ka wela kiʻekiʻe i hana ʻia e ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i ka uila ma waena o ka electrode mea hana a me ka electrode mea hana e hoʻopau ai i ka ʻili o ka mea hana e hoʻokō ai i ka mīkini.

Ka laulā o ka noi:

① Ka hana ʻana i nā mea conductive paʻakikī, palupalu, paʻakikī, palupalu a hoʻoheheʻe kiʻekiʻe;

②Ka hana ʻana i nā mea semiconductor a me nā mea hana ʻole;

③Ka hana ʻana i nā ʻano puka like ʻole, nā puka curved a me nā lua micro;

④Ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā ʻāpana ʻokoʻa ʻekolu-dimensional curved surface cavities, e like me nā keʻena mold forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging forging or diecasting for

⑤ Hoʻohana ʻia no ka ʻoki ʻana, ka ʻoki ʻana, ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka ʻili, ke kahakaha ʻana, ka paʻi ʻana i nā papa inoa a me nā kaha, etc.

Mīkini uila

ʻO ka mīkini electrochemical kahi ʻano hana e hoʻohana ai i ka loina electrochemical o ka hoʻoheheʻe anodic o ka metala i loko o ka electrolyte e hana i ka mea hana.

Hoʻopiliʻia ka mea hana i ka pou maikaʻi o ka mana DC, pili ka mea hana i ka pole maikaʻiʻole, a mālamaʻia kahi āpau liʻiliʻi (0.1mm ~ 0.8mm) ma waena o nā pouʻelua.ʻO ka electrolyte me kahi kaomi (0.5MPa ~ 2.5MPa) e kahe ana ma ke āpau ma waena o nā pou ʻelua i ka wikiwiki kiʻekiʻe (15m / s ~ 60m / s).

Ka palena o ka noi: ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā lua, nā lua, nā ʻaoʻao paʻakikī, nā lua hohonu liʻiliʻi, rifling, deburring, engraving, etc.

hana laser

Hoʻopauʻia ka hana laser o ka mea hana e ka mīkini hana laser.ʻO nā mīkini hoʻoponopono laser ka mea maʻamau i nā lasers, nā lako mana, nā ʻōnaehana optical a me nā ʻōnaehana mechanical.

Ka laulā o ka noi: make ke kaha kiʻi daimana, kiaʻi i nā bearings, nā ʻili porous o nā ʻāpana hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i ka ea, ka hana ʻana o nā puka liʻiliʻi o nā injectors engine, aero-engine blades, etc.

ʻO ka hana kani ultrasonic

ʻO ka mīkini kani kani he ʻano hana e hoʻohana ai i ke alapine kani ultrasonic (16KHz ~ 25KHz) haʻalulu o ka mea hana hope i ka hopena i nā abrasives i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i loko o ka wai hana, a me nā ʻāpana abrasive e hoʻopili a poli i ka ʻili o ka mea hana e hana i ka mea hana.

Ka laulā o ka hoʻohana ʻana: nā mea paʻakikī e ʻoki ʻia

Nā ʻoihana noi nui

ʻO ka maʻamau, ʻo nā ʻāpana i hana ʻia e CNC he kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe, no laila ua hoʻohana nui ʻia nā ʻāpana hana CNC i nā ʻoihana aʻe:

Aerospace

Pono ʻo Aerospace i nā ʻāpana me ka pololei kiʻekiʻe a me ka hoʻihoʻi hou ʻana, me nā lau turbine i nā ʻenekini, nā mea hana i hoʻohana ʻia e hana i nā ʻāpana ʻē aʻe, a me nā keʻena puhi ahi i hoʻohana ʻia i nā ʻenekini rocket.

Kaʻa a me ka hale mīkini

Pono ka ʻoihana kaʻa i ka hana ʻana i nā mea hoʻoheheʻe kiʻekiʻe no ka hoʻolei ʻana i nā ʻāpana (e like me ka engine mounts) a i ʻole ka mīkini ʻana i nā mea hoʻomanawanui kiʻekiʻe (e like me nā pistons).Hoʻolei ka mīkini ʻano gantry i nā modula pālolo i hoʻohana ʻia i ka pae hoʻolālā o ke kaʻa.

ʻoihana koa

Hoʻohana ka ʻoihana koa i nā mea kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe me nā koi hoʻomanawanui koʻikoʻi, me nā ʻāpana missile, nā pahu pū, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

lāʻau lapaʻau

Hoʻolālā pinepine ʻia nā lāʻau lapaʻau implantable e kūpono i ke ʻano o ke kino o ke kanaka a pono e hana ʻia mai nā alloys holomua.No ka mea ʻaʻole hiki i nā mīkini lima ke hana i nā ʻano like, lilo nā mīkini CNC i mea pono.

ikehu

Hoʻopili ka ʻoihana ikehu i nā wahi a pau o ka ʻenekinia, mai nā turbine mahu a hiki i nā ʻenehana ʻokiʻoki e like me ka hui ʻana o ka nuklea.Pono nā ʻōhuhi mahu i nā ʻāpana turbine kiʻekiʻe e mālama i ke kaulike i loko o ka turbine.ʻO ke ʻano o ka R&D plasma suppression cavity i ka fusion nuklea he paʻakikī loa, i hana ʻia i nā mea holomua, a koi i ke kākoʻo o nā mīkini CNC.

Ua hoʻomohala ʻia ka hana mīkini a hiki i kēia lā, a ma hope o ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i nā koi o ka mākeke, ua loaʻa nā ʻano hana hana like ʻole.Ke koho ʻoe i kahi kaʻina hana machining, hiki iā ʻoe ke noʻonoʻo i nā ʻano he nui: me ke ʻano o ka ʻili o ka mea hana, ka pololei ʻana, ka pololei o ke kūlana, ka ʻili o ka ʻili, etc.

Kiʻi o CNC 2
Ma ke koho wale ʻana i ke kaʻina hana kūpono e hiki ai iā mākou ke hōʻoia i ka maikaʻi a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka pono o ka mea hana me ka liʻiliʻi o ka hoʻopukapuka, a hoʻonui i nā pono i hana ʻia.


Ka manawa hoʻouna: Jan-18-2024

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